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人教版新目标九年级英语Unit -5 What are the shirts made of Period 5 Section A 4a—4c(共49张PPT)_图文

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Unit -5 What are the shirts made of ?
Period 5 Section A 4a—4c

New words
?Germany 德国 ?surface n. 表面;表层 ?postman n. 邮递员 ?cap n(. 尤指有帽舌的)帽子 ?glove n(. 分手指的)手套

根据汉语提示完成单词。
?1. Toney has to drive to meet ?his boss (*) at the airport this
afternoon.
?2. His father built a new house with different used material (材料) beside the river.

? 3. This kind of car is very expensive

and only made in Germany

(德

国)by hand.

? 4. The river is polluted and the surface

? (表面)of the water is covered with oil.

? 5. The girl sat outside the door and
waited for the postman (邮寄员) every day.

呈现短语,朗读并背诵短语:
? 1. on the last Friday of each month ? 在每月的最后一个星期五 ? 2. in Germany 在德国 ? 3. most of the earth’s surface ? 地球的大部分表面 ? 4. cause many traffic accidents ? 导致许多的交通事故 ? 5. use this silver plate ? 使用这个银制的盘子

Read the sentences below, paying attention to the underlined parts.
Is it made of silver? It was made in Thailand. What is the model plane made of? Where is tea produced in China? How is it grown? It is planted on the side of mountains. They are picked by hand and then are sent for processing.

被动语态 (Passive Voice)
结构: be + V-p.p. 一般现在时的被动语态:
am / are / is + 动词的过去分词

主动句与被动句之间的转换

Many people

speak

English.

主语 谓语动词主动语态的过去式 宾语

English

is spoken

by many people.

主语 谓语动词被动语态的过去分词 介词+ 宾语

主动句变为被动句所遵循的4个步骤:
1. 把原主动句中的宾语变为被动句的主语。 2. 把动词变为被动形式即be+过去分词,并注意
其人称和数随主语的变化,而动词的时态则 保持不变。
3. 原主动句的主语如需要则放在by后面以它 的宾格形式出现(注代词的宾格),如不需要则 可省略。
4. 其它的成分(定语、状语)不变。

把下列的主动句变为被动句。
1.People play football all over the world. Football is played all over the world by people.
2. The old man on TV tells a story on Sunday. A story is told by the old man on TV on Sunday.
3. Students listen to the kind teacher carefully.
The kind teacher is listened to by students carefully.

用所给动词的正确形式填空。
1) Sunglasses __a_re__u_s_e_d__ (use) for protecting people’s eyes.
2) A picture __i_s_p_u_t___ (put) up on the blackboard.
3) French __is__sp__o_k_e_n__ (speak) in France.

4) Which language ___is____ the most widely _s_p_o_k_e_n_ (speak) in the world?
5) The students _a_r_e__ often _t_o_ld__ (tell) to take care of their desks and chairs.
6) Vegetables, eggs and fruits _a_r_e__so_l_d__ (sell) in this shop.

按要求改写下列句子,一空一词。
1. Tea is grown in South China.(改为主动语 态)
People __g_ro_w___ ____t_ea____ in South China.
2. People use metal for making machines. (改 为被动语态)
Metal __is______ ___u_s_ed____ __f_o_r__ making machines.

3. They produce silk in Suzhou. (改为被动句)
Silk ___is______ _p_r_o_d_u_c_e_d_ in Suzhou.
4. We call maths the language of science. (改 为被动句)
Maths ___i_s_____ ___ca_l_l_ed___ the language of science.

选择正确答案。

1. Cotton (棉花) _A_____ in the southeast of China.

A. is grown

B. are grown

C. grows

D. grow

2. The Great Wall __C____ all over the world.

A. knows

B. knew

C. is known

D. was known

3. In some parts of the world, tea _B_____ with milk and sugar.

A. is serving

B. is served

C. serves

D. served

4. — Do you often clean your classroom?

— Yes. Our classroom ___C____ every day.

A. clean

B. cleans

C. is cleaned

D. is cleaning

4a Complete the sentences with the correct forms of the verbs in brackets.
1. Children under 18 __a_r_e_n_o_t_a_l_l_o_w_e_d_ (not allowed) to watch this show without their parents.
2. We __a_r_e_p_a_i_d_ (pay) by the boss on the last Friday of each month.
3. A: What language __i_s_s_p_o_k_e_n__ (speak) in Germany? B: Most people speak German, but many can speak English, too.

4. Most of the earth’s surface _i_s_c_o_v_e_r_e_d_ (cover) by water.
5. The classroom needs to _b_e_c_l_e_a_n_e_d(clean) every day.

4b Rewrite the sentences using the passive voice.
2. In China, farmers grow the best rice in the northeast.
In China, the best rice are grown (by farmers) in the northeast.
3. Careless driving causes many traffic accidents. Many traffic accidents are caused by careless driving.

4. The postman brings letters and postcards to people’s homes.
Letters and postcards are brought to people’s homes (by the postman).
5. Our family does not use this silver plate very often.
This silver plate is not used very often in our family.

4c
? SA: What’s your pencil made of? ? SB: It’s made of wood. ? SA : Where was it made ? ? SB: It was made in Shanghai.

? SA: What’s your jacket made of?
? SB: It’s made of …... ? SA : Where was it
made ? ? SB: It was made in …...

? SA: What’s your sweater made of?
? SB: It’s made of …... ? SA : Where was it
made ? ? SB: It was made in …...

? SA: What are your gloves made of? ? SB: They are made of …... ? SA : Where were they made ? ? SB: They were made in …...

? SA: What are your earrings made of?
? SB: They are made of …...
? SA : Where were they made ?
? SB: They were made in …...

? SA: What are your sports shoes made of? ? SB: They are made of …... ? SA : Where were they made ? ? SB: They were made in …...

A: Where are …? B: They are … in …

grow in Brazil

grow in Colombia

A: Where is / are …? B: It is / They are … in …

grow in China

grow in Canada

followed by

interviewed by

被动语态的几种句型
1. 肯定句 主语 + be + 过去分词 + (by…) A sweet song is sung by her on the stage.
2. 否定句 主语 + be + not +过去分词 + (by…) A sweet song isn’t sung by her on the stage.
3. 一般疑问句 Be + 主语 +过去分词 + (by…)?
Is a sweet song sung by her on the stage? 4. 特殊疑问句 疑问词 + be + 主语 +过去分词 + (by…)?
Where is a sweet song sung by her?

按要求改写下列句子。
1. Do you water your flowers every day?(变 为被动句)
Are your flowers watered by you every day? 2. Trees and flowers are planted every year to make our country more beautiful. (变为疑 问句)
Are trees and flowers planted every year to make our country more beautiful?

3. This English song is sung by the girls after class.
① 改为否定句 This English song is not sung by the girls after class.
②改为一般疑问句,并做肯定和否定回答 Is this English song sung by the girls after class?
③对划线提问
When is this English song sung by the girls?

被动语态的运用: (1) 不知道谁是动作的执行者或没
有必要知道谁是动作的执行者时。 The house is quite old. It was built in 1950.
这座房子太旧了,它是1950年建的。
When will the road be opened to traffic? 这条路什么时候通车?

(2) 需要强调动作的对象即宾语时。
Calculator can't be used in the math exam. 计算器不能用于数学考试。
He was awarded first prize in that contest. 他在比赛中获得了第一。

(3)有时为了礼貌等原因不愿说出行为者, 这时也常用被动语态。
The construction of the new lab must be completed by the end of next month.
新实验室必须在下个月底前完工。
You are requested to give a performance. 请你给我们表演一个节目。

主动语态变为被动语态的注意事项:
含有双宾语,即直接宾语(常指事物)和间 接宾语(常指人)的句子,每个宾语都可变 为被动语态的主语,即其被动语态有两 种形式。但多以间接宾语作主语。
Jack told us the truth.
We were told the truth by Jack.
The truth was told (to) us by Jack.

He passes me the football. (改成被动语态)
I _a_m___ _p_a_s_s_ed_ the football by him. The football __i_s___ _p_a_s_se_d_ ___to___ me by
him.

注意
动词的主动形式表示被动之意 1). 系动词无被动语态:以主动形式表示被动 之意。常见的系动词有: be动词, look, seem, appear, feel, sound, smell, taste等
It smells terrible. 2).下列动词(词组)没有被动式: happen, take place, break out, belong to, cost, take
An accident happened yesterday.

3). 不及物动词sell, wash, read, write, open, close, shut, lock, wear等,常用主动形式表示 被动意义。
This book sells well. 这本书畅销。
The kind of cloth washes well. 这种布很容易洗。

4). 在英语口语中,有时可用“get+过去分 词”构成被动语态。如:
I got dressed as quickly as l could. 我尽快穿上衣服。
这样结构比较常见的搭配有:get arrested, get caught, get dressed, get drowned, get drunk, get lost, get married等。

【1】This listening material, together with its
CD-ROMs, ______ well.
A. sells B. sell C. is sold D. are sold
【解析】某些可以和well, easily, smoothly等 副词连用的不及物动词如read, write, wash, clean, draw, cook, sell, lock, open等, 且主语是 非生命的名词或代词, 用主动结构表被动含义。 本句的主语为This listening material为第三人 称单数; sell well意为“畅销”。句意为“这 个听力材料以及它的光盘很畅销。”故选A。

【2】 — Excuse me. I'm looking for Be the Best of Yourself.

— Sorry. The book you ask for______ out.

A. is selling

B. is sold

C. was selling

D. will be sold

【解析】主语the book和动词sell构成被动关 系,又时态为一般现在时,因此用一般现在 时的被动语态。答语句意“对不起,你要的 书已售完”。故选B。

【3】 Han Han’s books are popular. They _______ by many teenagers.

A. is read

B. was read

C. are read

D. were read

【解析】由上句可知韩寒的书很受欢迎,用 一般现在时;主语they是复数形式,故答案 选C项。

【4】 — At present, one of the best ways to study is working in groups.

— More chances _______ to students to learn from each other.

A. offer

B. are offered

C. have offered D. are offering

【解析】句子大意为“小组学*为学生提供 了更多相互学*的机会”。“机会”和“提 供”之间存在被动关系,须用被动语态。四 个选项中,只有are offered为被动语态。故选 B。

【5】— Didn’t you see the sign “No Parking!” on the right?

— Sorry, I didn’t. But now I know parking _______ here.

A. wasn't allowed B. isn't allowed

C. won't allow

D. doesn't allow

【解析】由上句中的“No Parking!”可知, 停车不被允许,根据时间状语now可知,考 察一般现在时态的被动语态,故选B。

【6】The child without parents ______ good care of by his teachers in this special school.

A. is taken

B. are taken

C. take

D. takes

【解析】主语the child与动词短语take care of之间是被动关系,故用一般现在时的被动 语态。故选A。

【7】 — Have you finished your project?

— Not yet. I’ll finish it if I _______ ten more minutes.

A. give

B. am given

C. will give

D. will be given

【解析】句意“如果再给我十分钟我会完成 它”,主语与动词give之间是被动关系,在 条件状语从句中用一般现在时表将来。故选 B。

【8】This pair of shoes _______ hand, and it ______ very comfortable.
A. is made with; is felt
B. are made from; is felt
C. are made of; feels
D. is made by; feels 【解析】句意: “这双鞋是由手工制成的,它 感觉起来很舒服”, 主语this pair of shoes不能 执行谓语动词make, 故用被动语态, 且主语为 第三人称单数形式, 用is made by的被动结构; feel为连系动词, 不能用被动语态,故选D。




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